In 2014, Congress and President Obama signed into law the Agricultural Act of 2014 (also known as the “Farm Bill”). Under Section 7606, federal law does allow for the cultivation, processing and marketing of hemp and hemp products, which would include cannabinoids derived from industrial hemp. Under U.S. federal law, industrial hemp products (containing less than 0.3% THC) can be commercially shipped to all 50 states. Cannabinoid (CBD) is a chemical compound that comes from the hemp plant. It is one of over 85 unique compounds found in hemp, known as cannabinoids. Hemp (cannabis Sativa) is a coarse annual plant with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers that grows wild in regions of mild or tropical weather and can attain a height of 3 meters. Unlike many parts of the plant, the seeds and roots contain little or no THC which is the psychoactive element that makes people feel high after smoking or consuming the plant. Hemp oil is free of THC and safe to use. CBD is a hemp varietal which has been cultivated specifically for industrial production. There are many uses for the cannabis plant therapeutically.

 

Dr. Sunil Aggarwal stated during the 2016 Cannabis health summit, “The Endocannabinoid system plays a role in processes such as pain perception, inflammation, muscle tone and movement as well as stress management and protection of nerves and brain tissue”. The newly discovered endocannabinoid system is known to manage homeostasis which means that it regulates every metabolic process in the body to keep things running as they should.  The main psychological function of the endocannabinoid system is to control the proliferation, differentiation and survival of cells. This system is made up of receptors that are located in the brain, spinal and peripheral nervous system which is important for pain perception (CB1) .The second portion is located in the immune system and is important for inflammation and neuropathic pain (CB2). These receptors are abundant and widely dispersed throughout the body. Their distribution has been mapped by auto radiographic studies, immunohistochemically techniques, and electrophysiological studies. Cannabinoids, which can be either consumed (phytocannabinoids) or produced naturally by the body (endocannabinoid), are chemical compounds that interact with the body’s central regulatory system (the endocannabinoid system).  CBD is an example of a phytocannabinoid which can help to kick start our central regulatory system and provide powerful benefits. The endocannabinoid system can be manipulated through the administration of natural or synthetic cannabinoid receptors and has shown therapeutic value for a number of medical conditions including chronic pain, inflammation, acne, psoriasis and can help with anti-ageing as well.

 

 

In some ways Industrial hemp is considered the “Fountain of Youth” or “Natures most perfectly balanced oil” due to the fact that it contains the perfectly balanced ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 which are called essential fats because they are needed to maintain healthy cells, nerves, and brain function. According to medical Marijuana Inc. Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the skin, making it a great product for a wide variety of ailments. Hemp oil contains Vitamins C and E which can protect the hair from broken or split ends and can also keep free radicals from damaging collagen and elastin which gives you a tight youthful appearance. B complex vitamins are part of the construction process of skin, hair and nails. Vitamin A and D help with healthy looking skin because they are responsible for skin repair. A lack of these vitamins in a diet cans result in dry flaky skin. Vitamin A is also important for skin cell growth and inhibiting oil production. Fatty acids also help regenerate skins protective outer layer, leaving it smoother and younger looking. Those suffering from acne or dry skin could be lacking omega-3 fatty acids in their diet. A 2010 study in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology revealed that the endocannabinoid system is critical to the life cycle of basal cells which make up around 90% of the cells in the epidermis. CBD is also a very powerful antioxidant. Industrial Hemp can protect the skin from free radicals like UV rays, smoke and environmental pollutants. Free radicals in the atmosphere cause fine lines and wrinkles; antioxidants protect our bodies from the damage of these free radicals including fighting the effects of aging. Acne can be brought on by stress and hormonal changes as well as bodily imbalances. Acne involves the overproduction of sebum, an oily substance intended to protect the skin. Glands in our skin, typically near hair follicles called sebaceous glands produce fatty oils called lipids. These lipids perform a number of functions such as creating a barrier on our skin to keep out bacteria and viruses . Sebaceous glands and hair follicles both contain endocannabinoid receptors, meaning their functions are affected by cannabinoids.  CBD can be used to affect the output of oils in the skin and hair. CBD inhibits the lipid production in skin cells, making it an effective treatment for acne. CBD can also act as an antibacterial and can help lower inflammation. New ways are being developed to incorporate CBD topically. Some of the delivery forms include lotions, oils, balms and salves. The topical application of cannabinoids allows them to be absorbed into the affected area for faster and more focused relief. CBD topical products can help with relief form pain, tension, muscle aches, and inflammation. Athletes can also use cannabis because it can help with inflammation, soreness and pain.

 

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